A vise is used as a device for fixing various construction pieces. The tensioning aid is equipped with a stationary as well as with a free-running jaw. The workpiece is clamped in the middle of the jaws. On vices are often mounted two removable jaws, which are adapted to the shape and material properties of their workpiece to be clamped.
Cheap vise models such as these here https://www.schraubstock-test.de are made of cast steel and ensure a satisfactory Clamping accuracy in the period of the clamping process. Usually vices are used by plumbers, precision mechanics and do-it-yourselfers.
How does a vise (Schraubstock) work?
A vise must be on every fully stocked workbench.
A vise has a purpose to capture building pieces for accurate machining. For this purpose, vices consist of two clamping jaws in which objects can be tightened. Whilst one jaw can be turned fully using the crank, the fixed jaw stays permanently in place.
The functionality is quite simple. By the orbiting of the crank lever, the free-running jaw moves thanks to the spindle in the desired route. Your workpiece is then held over the two jaws, as long as the vise is cranked correctly. The thread revolves around the basic principle of a common thread screw with lock nut, which has been known for centuries.
The sturdy tensioners usually have table tongs, which can be screwed onto working tables and ensure sufficient stability.
Popular vise types and their fields of activity
The gripping aids are available in several variants. If you are buying a vise, you must first determine whether you need a machine tool to clamp it to the workbench or to fix small work-pieces on a machine tool such as a drill press.
The solid parallel vise is the most popular variation. As the name implies, the jaws are continuously parallel to each other in any position. Last but not least, there is also a vise test on these portals. The advantage here is that you can clamp the work piece over the entire width away. A parallel-opening vise is opened and closed purely. These designs are mostly mounted on workbenches.
Furthermore, in this vise variant, attachable protective jaws are fastened when soft materials are to be clamped therein. As a result, parallel vices are often used to clamp wooden or metallic building materials.
In addition to the parallel vice, there are also the machine vise, which on special machine tools, such. B. a milling machine is attached. The main feature of this vice type is that it does not have its own mounting device. After the machine vise is also the pipe vise, which is mainly used by installers for clamping round workpieces with different diameters.
Drill vice: The drill vice is mainly used in machine tools, but can also be attached directly to a workbench. The special thing about it is that you can work with it very precisely. On top of that, this variant of vise can be exposed to extremely strong impact forces. There are other versions of the machine vice, such as the hydraulic vise or the pneumatic vise.
Pipe vice: The Pipe Vise, often called the Installer Vise, is easy to use to clamp pipes because the diameter can be easily adjusted. Here, the tubes are clamped uniformly by all 4 directions, whereby unwanted damage to the work-piece are largely avoided.
Miniature vice A mini vice is finely constructed and thus allows the sensitive fixing of easily breakable micro components. Furthermore, these versions usually have a ball joint, whereby the vise head can be locked in all directions. The mini vise is therefore very popular especially with model makers.
Buy a workbench with a height-adjustable vise
A work plate with matching tensioner can now be purchased on the Internet in all known tool shops or from a nearby specialist dealer. As a rule, on d